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Humanity, human beings as individuals and as a species. The foundation of humanity, human nature often comes across in modern day as a positive value; not in Golding’s world though. In “Lord of the Flies”, a group of boys gets stranded on an island and tries to form a society on their own while waiting to get rescued. Only that their human nature gets the better of them and turns them into savages and killers. Golding portrays the negative side of humanity very well, a perfect example is Jack-a choir leader who starts off to be quite a normal boy but turned out to be violent and dark. Jack as a character, is a metaphor for human nature. When Jack first goes hunting and found a trapped pig, he hesitates for a little too long and lets the pig gets away. However, Jack finally kills a pig after another few days with no hesitation. The whole situation is a parallel to human nature. Jack is hesitant to kill the pig at first because he was scared of killing a living being, “They knew very well why he hadn’t: because of the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh; because of the unbearable blood.” Human nature is the same way as humans tend to second think before committing an act of savagery (presumably, this is because humans have high emotional intelligence/capability of being empathetical). However, in the end, the act of savagery is still done as “evil human nature” takes over. Another example of this is the leader, Ralph, goes hunting for the first time. “Ralph too was fighting to get near, to get a handful of that brown, vulnerable flesh. The desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering” shows Ralph’s true nature being revealed. Ralph has always been civilised being the leader of the group, however, when he hunts for the first time, he has a desperate desire to kill. Throughout the book, phrases such as “the boys lay, panting like dogs” or “for a minute, he became less a hunter than a furtive thing, ape-like among the tangle of trees” shows that Golding characterizes the boys as animals. These comparisons A big way Golding portrays negative sides of human nature is through powerful symbolism. “Lord of the flies”/”The Beast” is a fictional character created by the boys’ imagination. One of the boy, Simon, has an epileptic attack when he sees a pig head on a stick. He hallucinates and sees the “beast” say: “You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? … I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?” The “beast” states that it’s a part of every boy on the island. The word “things” references to all the horrible acts of savagery that the boys have done.
On a deserted island, building a society is harder than it seems. Even so, society’s structure in the real world is flawed, along with the failed society the boys tried to create amongst themselves. Golding portrays the toxicity of society when a rumour is spread and a scene of ritual dancing goes wrong. The boys all come together at night to do a ritual dance when Simon appears from a bush to tell the other that the beast isn’t real. The boys mistake Simon for the beast as they get too engrossed in the ritual dance. Even Ralph ends up taking part in the killing as well. But can all the boys, even Ralph, be blamed? The boys planted the idea of the “beast” ‘s existence into each other’s head. It all started with a rumour, and that was all that mattered. The symbolism that the only boy who knew the truth got killed by the “sheep in society” also shows that people in society, even when presented with the truth, refuse to accept it simply because everyone else believes the same. Golding also showed society can be often cruel to individuals who stand out from the crowd. This is shown mostly by a character named Piggy. A boy with a laughable nickname and physical imcapabilities-fat, asthmatic, nearsighted, can’t swim, whimpers a lot about his aunt. All of Piggy’s flaws makes him different in a negtive view from the boys, yet, Piggy seems to be the most civilized, mature and logical person on the island. The fact that he is so different seems to immediately make him less important among the boys. Jack very literally bullys Piggy just because of his incapacities on different occasions throughout the book. “You’re talking too much, shut up fatty.” The most realistic example is that no other boys tries to stop or inteferre with Jack when he bullies Piggy. Themes of bullying becomes common through the book as the boys slowly learn from each other and attempt to hurt each other. Golding shows the sad truth of society, something that all humans know but doesn’t acknoledge deep inside them.
According to Golding, the downfall of the society and “humanity” of the boys comes down to the real human nature. So if humanity affects the social construct and society affects humanity, then are the boys, therefore, excused from the acts of savagery and collapse of their society? Humanity and society are well connected with each other, even though they are quite different subjects. Humanity and society affect each other an equal amount and Godling portrayed the negative effects between the two through the story. The boys’ true human nature is the real culprit of their failed society. Many arguments came and went. Jack’s being the most influential one and splitting their society apart. As time went on, Jack’s true human nature was exposed slowly layer by layer. Eventually, he rebelled against Ralph and decided to start his own society. ” — The lack of a civilized society peals away the layers of humanity quickly. This is shown as the boys are without adults when they’re on the island

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