International institutions such as the United Nations have worked vigorously to improve the conditions of those afflicted with extreme poverty conditions. For these conditions, the United Nations have Millennium development goals and sustainable development goals. Extreme poverty is defined as a “condition in which one is severely deprived of basic needs such as food, water, and sanitation.”
The Millennium developments goals are eight in numbers and they are as following;
1- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger:
The goal was to tackle the portion of the people who are living at less than 1.25$ per day and from 1990 to 2015 that portion dropped to 14 percent.
2- Achieve universal primary education:
The goal was to achieve the complete primary school education by all children in developing countries by 2015. In 2000, the primary school net enrolment rate in the developing regions was 83 percent but in 2015, the primary school net enrolment rate goes up to 91 percent.
3- Promote gender equality and empower women:
The goal was to promote gender disparity in primary, secondary and tertiary education by 2015. Numerous more young ladies are presently in school contrasted with 15 years back. The creating districts in general have accomplished the objective to dispose of sexual orientation dissimilarity in primary, secondary and tertiary education. In Southern Asia, from 1990 to 2015, the enrolment of girls in primary school increased from 74 to 103 for every 100 boys.
4- Reduce child mortality:
The goal was to reduce child mortality by 2015. From 1990 to 2015, the child mortality rate came down from 90 to 43 deaths per 1000 live births.
5- Improve maternal health:
The goal was to reduce the maternal mortality rate by 2015. Increasing the proportion of deliveries attended by skilled health workers will be critical to lowering maternal mortality. From 1990 to 2014, the proportion of deliveries attended by skilled health workers increased from 59 percent to more than 71 percent.
6- Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases:
The goal was to halt and begin to reverse the speed of spreading HIV/AIDS and make low the spreading of malaria and some other diseases. From 2000 to 2013, HIV infection fell by 40 percent.
7- Ensure Environmental Sustainability:
The goal was to increase the rate of the proportion of the people who are able to access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015. From 1990 to 2015, the percentage of the global population, who are using an improved drinking water, is increased from 76 to 91.
8- Develop a Global Partnership For Development:
The goal was to develop a global partnership to fulfill the needs of developing countries for development. From 2000 to 2014, official development assistance from developed countries increased by 66 percent. As of 2015, 95% of the population is covered by the mobile cellular signal.
The poverty rate in the developing regions has plummeted, from 47 percent in 1990 to 14 percent in 2015, a drop of more than two thirds. Despite this progress regarding extreme poverty, 800 million people are living in hunger and in extreme poverty today. 57 million children who have the age to go to school but they are not in school. Over 16000 children die each day before their fifth birthday, mostly from preventable causes. Today, over 880 million people are living in slum-like conditions in the developing countries. (Way, 2015 P.8,9,15,16)
There are seventh Sustainable Development Goals in 2015-2030. The goals are as following;
1- No Poverty
2- Zero Hunger
3- Good Health And Well Being
4- Quality Education
5- Gender Equality
6- Clean Water And Sanitation
7- Affordable & Clean Energy
8- Decent work & Economic Growth
9- Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure
10- Reduced Inequalities
11- Sustainable Cities and Communities
12- Responsible Consumption & Production
13- Climate Action
14- Life Below Water
15- Life On Land
16- Peace & Justice Strong Institutions
17- Partnerships For The Goals
They want to accomplish those successes which they did not get from MDGs in 2015.