Role of the criminal justice professional in serving individual and societal needs
By Coty Bunch
There are many roles that the criminal justice professional can do to help individual and societal needs. We will discuss what the criminal justice practitioner can do for you as an individual. Some of the needs they help with are. We will first talk about what the professional can do for the society. Criminal justice practitioners are essential in our society. Without a criminal justice system our communities would be chaos. We are going to talk about three social issues that the criminal justice practitioner runs into daily. These issues are drug abuse, gang violence, and child abuse.
Drug abuse affects America severely, it affects our population as a whole. With out police officers roaming the streets every day to fight against the selling of drugs and drug use we would fall. In 2013, an estimated 24.6 million Americans aged 12 or older—9.4 percent of the population—had used an illicit drug in the past month.(www.drugabuse.gov). This would be higher if it were not for the criminal justice practitioners out on the streets fighting to end drug abuse. Those who are associated with drugs are usually connected to more crime. When someone gets addicted they will do anything to get their next fix. That will lead to thievery or even violence.
Crimes that follow drugs is gang violence. Gang violence is a huge problem in America, and it is effecting our youth. Kids think being in a gang is cool and they jump into it not knowing what it is really about. Many people are initiated into a gang after comminting some sort of crime. Gang violence has been forcing criminal justice practitioners to bring down powerful gang leaders to diminish the amount of violence. about 33,000 violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs with about 1.4 million members are criminally active in the U.S. and Puerto Rico today. Many are sophisticated and well organized; all use violence to control neighborhoods and boost their illegal money-making activities, which include robbery, drug and gun trafficking, prostitution and human trafficking, and fraud. Many gang members continue to commit crimes even after being sent to jail.( HYPERLINK “http://www.fbi.gov” www.fbi.gov).
Another social issue that officers have to deal with is child abuse. Child abuse is not always easy to distinguish and can be hard to tell. It can go on for years without someone finding out. Many criminal justice practitioners help in these cases. Psycologist help the child recover and get the correct stories from them, while the police officers arrest the offenders. The latest 2015 Child Maltreatment Report from The Children’s Bureau was published in January 2017. The report shows an increase in child abuse referrals from 3.6 million to 4 million. The number of children involved subsequently increased to 7.2 million from 6.6 million. The report also indicates an increase in child deaths from abuse and neglect to 1,670 in 2015, up from 1,580 in 2014. Some reports estimate child abuse fatalities at 1,740 or even higher. The United States has one of the worst records among industrialized nations, losing on average almost five children every day to child abuse and neglect. (www.americanspcc.org)