The botanical garden was created not only to delight the eyes of its visitors. Most of these gardens are in scientific institutions, universities and museums. Here a huge research work is carried out, scientists deduce new varieties of plants, try to preserve and multiply rare specimens that are under threat of extinction. The educational work carried out by the botanical gardens is also of great importance. Lovers can get acquainted with the flora of different countries. In botanical gardens, biology students, agronomists, and geographers are trained.
The word “botany” comes from the Greek “botan?”, which means “green”, “grass”, “plant” . Botany as a science is engaged in a comprehensive study of plants and combines all modern knowledge about them. She studies the external and internal structure of plants, the laws of their life. In addition, botany studies the distribution of plants on the Earth, explores the relationship of plants with each other and with the surrounding natural conditions.