The east african mountain forest is a tropical humid mountain forest belonging to east africa. in the south-east of africa mixed deciduous-coniferous forests are common on the windward slopes of the atlas are evergreen hardwoodforests mainly from cork oak as a result of the primitive slash-and-burn system of agriculture information of forests and grazing the natural vegetation cover has been severely disrupted. most of the savannas of africa originated on the site of reduced forests woodlands and shrubs representing a natural transition from moist evergreen forests to deserts on damp western slopes in the call belt and in deep valleys with good moistening dense evergreen tropical forests grow in species composition and structure close to equatorial. the watershed plateaus are occupied by savannahs. on dry leeward slopes dominate the thickets of thorny bushes and xerophytic light forests. in the war-degas belt forests from cedars and yew trees once dominated which were largely cut down. better preserved thickets of tree-like juniper and woodlands of deciduous wild olives and fig trees. the main part of the belt is currently occupied by mountain savannah with candelabra-shaped milks umbrella acacia giant sycamore and a rich herbaceous grass cover. in the lower part of the girdle belt coniferous forests grow from junipers sub-carps etc. the mountain meadows prevail above cereals with groves of a tree of a cousin and separate tree-like junipers. even higher there are thickets of giant st. johns worts tree-like heathers a community of xerophytic shrub grasses. the uppermost parts of the mountains are covered with stony placers which in winter are covered with snow. in the afar hollow and on the coasts of the red sea the gulf of aden and the indian ocean semidesertand desert vegetation is developed. on the inner plateaus of the somali peninsula the landscapes of desert savannahs dominate. the gulf of aden and the indian ocean have semi-desert and desert vegetation. on the inner plateaus of the somali peninsula the landscapes of desert savannahs dominate. the gulf of aden and the indian ocean have semi-desert and desert vegetation. on the inner plateaus of the somali peninsula the landscapes of desert savannahs dominate. fauna is common for savannahs and tropical forests in africa including mountainous. in the belt-warfare there are monkeys that do not tolerate constant heat-hamadry gverec and gelad. the fauna of the region has a relatively high degree of conservation even outside protected areas. so in the forests of the lower belt of mountains live elephants and this is one of the few places where they live not in reservations. the ethiopian highlands have considerable agroclimatic and land resources. its territory as a whole receives a sufficient amount of rainfall for agriculture. especiallyfavorable conditions for the cultivation of valuable crops and for peoples lives in the war-degas belt with its relatively cool constantly moist climate and fertile dark red and chernozemlike soils.