The meaning conveyed from different gestures is highly dependent on the culture, context and relationship between communicators. Different body positions portray different postures. Posture can be generally used to determine participation and involvement. They may be performed by hands, body, arms or even facial expressions.
Formal and informal contexts were used to determine whether symbolic gestures would be embraced or adapters. Students were seen to be using different gestures differently .The most convention being greetings. When in an official context the use of a handshake was embraced largely especially in relation to the seniors. In informal contexts students seemed to embrace hugging as a form of greeting. Although some used verbal greetings too in both contexts as shown in table.
The study sought to establish whether the use of body movement and gestures was one of the cognized aspects from their icons of models.
The table 4.19 shows distribution of respondents by use of body movement and gestures. Data that the researcher observed is as below:
No. of respondents
Source: (field data 2018)
4.5.4 Proxemics and haptics (Intimacy, love and relationships)
Intimacy and its concern with distance varies from culture to culture. It is considered for familiar relationships. Here the researcher was interested in how people communicate through touch. Relationship patterns are also seen to vary depending on age and experience. This was noted on events such as Freshas night where entry requires one to buy a ticket if a pair came (boy-girl) they would receive a discount on the ticket .On weekends they are seen headed for Falls in pairs. In the evenings students are seen in pairs, tagged or alongside the pavements holding each other tightly. The most common displays of public affection are seen through prolonged hugging, holding hands as they walk and holding each other closely and tightly. Very few students were spotted alone at least one out of every five students. As shown in table:
Table 4.20 distribution of respondents by relationship status
Number of respondents
Source:( field data 2018)
4.5. 5 Artifacts (grooming and possession)
Clothing portrays a variety. It can portray personality, background, financial status, mood, age, levels of confidence, values and beliefs among other aspects. It could also show nationality and attraction.
The researcher sought to find out whether dressing was for mere come and practicality. There was a divergence from the clothes one wore to class and out on other businesses. As such there was a drift observed from what students wore against the clothing expected from their diverse cultures.
There was a disparity on how and why students chose to dress how they were dressed. Grooming ranged from hairstyle, types of clothes, and shoe ware. Most female students were seen in miniskirts, figure hugging dresses and trousers. They embraced the trending hairstyles ie bob, fluffy kinky, weaves ,braids, dying and even dreadlocks. About the shoe wear the most preferred we’re flats, heels, wedges, sandals, boots and even rubber shoes.
The male students were in preference for jeans and t-shirts, suits and kanzus (Muslims).They were seen to be embracing the trending hairstyles box, mohawk, dreads, Jordan very few had plaited hair/dyed hair. About the shoe ware most male students preferred reebok, rubbers, timberlands, sharp shooters and even boots.
Possession of the respondents also varied depending on the academic year. Most senior students were seen to possess a number of items that very few fresh students had. The possessions observed were among the common though not basic that students had. They comprised of the following music system (woofer AUCMA), Android phones, laptops and woolen carpets. Fresh students were seen to possess more music systems than senior students. This is because theft cases had been rampant during this period when these students lost their systems. The senior students are seen to possess all other items more than freshstudents.as in the table below: