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The Social learning theory combines cognitive learning theory which suggests that learning is influenced by psychological factors and behavioural, learning theory which assumes that learning is based on responses to environmental stimuli. Psychologist Albert Bandura integrated these two theories and came up with four requirements for learning: observation (environmental), retention (cognitive), reproduction (cognitive), and motivation (both). This integrative approach to learning was called social learning theory.
Bandura developed what famously became known as the Bobo Doll experiments. In these studies, children watched adults model either violent or passive behaviour towards a toy called Bobo Doll, and what they saw influenced how they subsequently interacted with the dolls. Children who observed violent behaviour imitated this behaviour and were verbally and physically aggressive toward the doll. Children who witnessed nonviolent behaviour behaved less aggressively toward the doll. Bandura concluded that children learn aggression, violence, and other social behaviours through observation learning, or watching the behaviours of others.
There are four conditions to observational learning:
• Attention- Someone stands out by their behaviour which the individual is curious about.
• Retention- The individual observes their behaviour by remembering what they’ve seen.
• Motor production- The individual copies that behaviour.
• Motivation- The individual carries out this behaviour that they have observed.

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