The United States before the civil war was basically split into 2 regions, the North and the South. These 2 regions had very different cultures, economics, and climates which led to different life styles and perspectives. The North and the South had diverse climates and natural features. The North had mainly rocky and infertile lands, so farming was difficult. The South’s lands were flatter than the North’s making it a better place for farming. Because of the climates and geography in these 2 regions, they developed different economies. Economy in the North was based on many different industries such as shipping, textile, and mining. Economy in the South was based on agriculture.
Northerners and Southerners developed individual cultures. Cities had an important role in determining the North’s culture. The life in the South was really different than the North’s. The South’s agricultural system was controlled by wealthy planter. One of the few similarities of the North and South are that they both have thousands of roads, steamships, and canals. In 1850, 30,000 miles of tracks connected far-away parts of the United States. By 1860, there were over 80,000 miles of surface roads in the North and South combined. The biggest difference between the North and South is that the South had slavery, while the North abolished it.