Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two of the great philosophers of their time. They both provided huge philosophical texts on how government should govern people. This essay will show the largest differences and some of the similarities between Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan and John Locke’s Second Treatise on Civil Government. Although they do have some similarities, Hobbes and Locke have different views on most of their political arguments, and I will reveal on their differences on the human nature, state of nature, and social contract.
Firstly the ideologies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke on human nature. Human nature is the idea that there is a set of natural distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling and acting that humans tend to have.