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Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, and the patient’s preferences and overall health. E.g:- For people with a tumor that has not spread beyond the esophagus and lymph nodes, often recommend combining different types of treatment: radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery. The order of treatments varies, and several factors are considered, even including the type of esophageal cancer.
Particularly for squamous cell cancer, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, a combination called chemoradiotherapy, are commonly recommended as the first treatment. Surgery may be used afterwards depending how well the chemoradiotherapy would be worked. Recent studies show using chemoradiotherapy before surgery is better than surgery alone.
For adenocarcinoma, the most common treatment is chemotherapy and radiation therapy followed by surgery. Surgery is almost always recommended after chemoradiotherapy, unless there are factors that increase the risks from surgery, such as a patient’s age or overall health.
For advanced esophageal cancer, treatment usually involves chemotherapy and radiation therapy

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